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Colorado Springs City, Colorado State Records


The city of Colorado Springs, also called "The Springs", "C-Springs", "C-S-C", "The 719" was incorporated in June 19, 1886. Colorado Springs's government type is Home Rule Municipality. It is comprised of the Mayor, who is currently Steve Bach since 7. June 2011 (NP).

Colorado Springs encompasses land area: 194.1 sq mi (481.1 km2), water area: 0.6 sq mi (1.0 km2). The elevation is 5,740–7,200 ft (1,832 m) above sea level. According to the 2010 United States Census, the local population is 419,848 (US: 41st). This equates to a population density of 2,242.5/sq mi (865.57/km2). The local time zone is MST (UTC−7).

Local area codes are 719. The Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) code for the city is 08-16000, which is used in computer filings when non-government agencies and contractors fulfill government contracts. Additional information and the official website of the city is found at http://www.springsgov.com.

Colorado Springs is a Home Rule Municipality that is the county seat and most populous city of El Paso County, Colorado, United States. Colorado Springs is located in the southern portion of the state. It is situated on Fountain Creek and is located 65 miles (105 km) south of the Colorado State Capitol in Denver. At 6,035 feet (1839 m) the city stands over one mile (1.6 km) above sea level, though some areas of the city are significantly higher and lower. Colorado Springs is situated near the base of one of the most famous American mountains, Pikes Peak, in the eastern edge of the Southern Rocky Mountains.

With a population of 416,427 as of the 2010 Census, it is the second most populous city in the state of Colorado, behind Denver, and the 41st most populous city in the United States, while the Colorado Springs Metropolitan Statistical Area had an estimated population of 645,613 in 2010. The city covers 194.7 square miles (504 km2), making it Colorado's largest city in area. Colorado Springs was selected as the No. 1 Best Big City in 'Best Places to Live' by Money magazine in 2006, and placed number one in Outside's 2009 list of America's Best Cities.

William Jackson Palmer, a Civil War General (brevet) and Medal of Honor recipient, came to the Colorado Territory as a surveyor with the Kansas Pacific Railroad. He explored the area south of Denver searching for possible railroad routes for the Kansas Pacific to strategically occupy. Palmer favorably viewed the valley in the shadow of Pikes Peak as an ideal town site. Since he could not persuade the Kansas Pacific to follow the Arkansas River to Pueblo and from there north to Denver, Palmer secured legislation and funding to build the Denver & Rio Grande Railroad south from Denver with the declared intention of reaching Mexico City, Mexico. Palmer founded Colorado Springs on July 31, 1871, as the first destination served by his railroad. He had the intention of creating a high-quality resort community, and the infant town was soon nicknamed 'Little London' because of the many English tourists and settlers who came, owing partly to Palmer's financial connections in England who provided the capital for his railroad, and partly to his associate Dr. William Bell who actively recruited both investors and settlers. The stunning mountain view from anywhere in the valley as well as the nearby Garden of the Gods made the city's location a natural choice.

   
 

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